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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 4; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*- */
/*
 * This file is part of the LibreOffice project.
 *
 * This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/.
 *
 * This file incorporates work covered by the following license notice:
 *
 *   Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 *   contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed
 *   with this work for additional information regarding copyright
 *   ownership. The ASF licenses this file to you under the Apache
 *   License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file
 *   except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of
 *   the License at http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 .
 */


#include <sal/config.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <typeinfo.h>
#include <signal.h>

#include <rtl/alloc.h>
#include <rtl/strbuf.hxx>
#include <rtl/ustrbuf.hxx>
#include <sal/log.hxx>
#include <osl/mutex.hxx>

#include <com/sun/star/uno/Any.hxx>
#include <unordered_map>
#include "msci.hxx"
#include <except.hxx>


#pragma pack(push, 8)

using namespace ::com::sun::star::uno;
using namespace ::std;
using namespace ::osl;

namespace CPPU_CURRENT_NAMESPACE
{

static inline OUString toUNOname( OUString const & rRTTIname ) throw ()
{
    OUStringBuffer aRet( 64 );
    OUString aStr( rRTTIname.copy( 4, rRTTIname.getLength()-4-2 ) ); // filter .?AUzzz@yyy@xxx@@
    sal_Int32 nPos = aStr.getLength();
    while (nPos > 0)
    {
        sal_Int32 n = aStr.lastIndexOf( '@', nPos );
        aRet.append( aStr.copy( n +1, nPos -n -1 ) );
        if (n >= 0)
        {
            aRet.append( '.' );
        }
        nPos = n;
    }
    return aRet.makeStringAndClear();
}

static inline OUString toRTTIname( OUString const & rUNOname ) throw ()
{
    OUStringBuffer aRet( 64 );
    aRet.appendAscii( ".?AV" ); // class ".?AV"; struct ".?AU"
    sal_Int32 nPos = rUNOname.getLength();
    while (nPos > 0)
    {
        sal_Int32 n = rUNOname.lastIndexOf( '.', nPos );
        aRet.append( rUNOname.copy( n +1, nPos -n -1 ) );
        aRet.append( '@' );
        nPos = n;
    }
    aRet.append( '@' );
    return aRet.makeStringAndClear();
}


//#### RTTI simulation #############################################################################


typedef std::unordered_map< OUString, void * > t_string2PtrMap;

class RTTInfos
{
    Mutex               _aMutex;
    t_string2PtrMap     _allRTTI;

    static OUString toRawName( OUString const & rUNOname ) throw ();
public:
    type_info * getRTTI( OUString const & rUNOname ) throw ();

    RTTInfos();
    ~RTTInfos();
};

class __type_info
{
    friend type_info * RTTInfos::getRTTI( OUString const & ) throw ();
    friend int msci_filterCppException(
        LPEXCEPTION_POINTERS, uno_Any *, uno_Mapping * );

public:
    virtual ~__type_info() throw ();

    inline __type_info( void * m_data, const char * m_d_name ) throw ()
        : _m_data( m_data )
        { ::strcpy( _m_d_name, m_d_name ); } // #100211# - checked

private:
    void * _m_data;
    char _m_d_name[1];
};

__type_info::~__type_info() throw ()
{
}

type_info * RTTInfos::getRTTI( OUString const & rUNOname ) throw ()
{
    // a must be
    static_assert(sizeof(__type_info) == sizeof(type_info), "### type info structure size differ!");

    MutexGuard aGuard( _aMutex );
    t_string2PtrMap::const_iterator const iFind( _allRTTI.find( rUNOname ) );

    // check if type is already available
    if (iFind == _allRTTI.end())
    {
        // insert new type_info
        OString aRawName( OUStringToOString( toRTTIname( rUNOname ), RTL_TEXTENCODING_ASCII_US ) );
        __type_info * pRTTI = new( std::malloc( sizeof(__type_info) + aRawName.getLength() ) )
            __type_info( NULL, aRawName.getStr() );

        // put into map
        pair< t_string2PtrMap::iterator, bool > insertion(
            _allRTTI.insert( t_string2PtrMap::value_type( rUNOname, pRTTI ) ) );
        assert(insertion.second && "### rtti insertion failed?!");

        return reinterpret_cast<type_info*>(pRTTI);
    }
    else
    {
        return reinterpret_cast<type_info*>(iFind->second);
    }
}

RTTInfos::RTTInfos() throw ()
{
}

RTTInfos::~RTTInfos() throw ()
{
    SAL_INFO("bridges", "> freeing generated RTTI infos... <");

    MutexGuard aGuard( _aMutex );
    for ( t_string2PtrMap::const_iterator iPos( _allRTTI.begin() );
          iPos != _allRTTI.end(); ++iPos )
    {
        __type_info * pType = reinterpret_cast<__type_info*>(iPos->second);
        pType->~__type_info(); // obsolete, but good style...
        std::free( pType );
    }
}


//#### Exception raising ###########################################################################


struct ObjectFunction
{
    char somecode[12];
    typelib_TypeDescription * _pTypeDescr; // type of object

    inline static void * operator new ( size_t nSize );
    inline static void operator delete ( void * pMem );

    ObjectFunction( typelib_TypeDescription * pTypeDescr, void * fpFunc ) throw ();
    ~ObjectFunction() throw ();
};

inline void * ObjectFunction::operator new ( size_t nSize )
{
    void * pMem = std::malloc( nSize );
    if (pMem != 0)
    {
        DWORD old_protect;
        BOOL success =
            VirtualProtect(pMem, nSize, PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE, &old_protect);
        (void) success;
        assert(success && "VirtualProtect() failed!");
    }
    return pMem;
}

inline void ObjectFunction::operator delete ( void * pMem )
{
    std::free( pMem );
}


ObjectFunction::ObjectFunction( typelib_TypeDescription * pTypeDescr, void * fpFunc ) throw ()
    : _pTypeDescr( pTypeDescr )
{
    ::typelib_typedescription_acquire( _pTypeDescr );

    unsigned char * pCode = (unsigned char *)somecode;
    // a must be!
    assert((void *)this == (void *)pCode);

    // push ObjectFunction this
    *pCode++ = 0x68;
    *(void **)pCode = this;
    pCode += sizeof(void *);
    // jmp rel32 fpFunc
    *pCode++ = 0xe9;
    *(sal_Int32 *)pCode = ((unsigned char *)fpFunc) - pCode - sizeof(sal_Int32);
}

ObjectFunction::~ObjectFunction() throw ()
{
    ::typelib_typedescription_release( _pTypeDescr );
}

static void * __cdecl __copyConstruct( void * pExcThis, void * pSource, ObjectFunction * pThis )<--- The function '__copyConstruct' is never used.
    throw ()
{
    ::uno_copyData( pExcThis, pSource, pThis->_pTypeDescr, cpp_acquire );
    return pExcThis;
}

static void * __cdecl __destruct( void * pExcThis, ObjectFunction * pThis )<--- The function '__destruct' is never used.
    throw ()
{
    ::uno_destructData( pExcThis, pThis->_pTypeDescr, cpp_release );
    return pExcThis;
}

// these are non virtual object methods; there is no this ptr on stack => ecx supplies _this_ ptr

static __declspec(naked) void copyConstruct() throw ()
{
    __asm
    {
        // ObjectFunction this already on stack
        push [esp+8]  // source exc object this
        push ecx      // exc object
        call __copyConstruct
        add  esp, 12  // + ObjectFunction this
        ret  4
    }
}

static __declspec(naked) void destruct() throw ()
{
    __asm
    {
        // ObjectFunction this already on stack
        push ecx    // exc object
        call __destruct
        add  esp, 8 // + ObjectFunction this
        ret
    }
}

struct ExceptionType
{
    sal_Int32           _n0;
    type_info *         _pTypeInfo;
    sal_Int32           _n1, _n2, _n3, _n4;
    ObjectFunction *    _pCopyCtor;
    sal_Int32           _n5;

    explicit ExceptionType( typelib_TypeDescription * pTypeDescr ) throw ()
        : _n0( 0 )
        , _n1( 0 )
        , _n2( -1 )
        , _n3( 0 )
        , _n4( pTypeDescr->nSize )
        , _pCopyCtor( new ObjectFunction( pTypeDescr, copyConstruct ) )
        , _n5( 0 )
    {
        _pTypeInfo = msci_getRTTI( pTypeDescr->pTypeName );
    }

    ~ExceptionType() throw ()
    {
        delete _pCopyCtor;
    }

    // Copy assignment is forbidden and not implemented.
    ExceptionType (const ExceptionType &) = delete;
    ExceptionType & operator= (const ExceptionType &) = delete;
};

struct RaiseInfo
{
    sal_Int32           _n0;
    ObjectFunction *    _pDtor;
    sal_Int32           _n2;
    void *              _types;
    sal_Int32           _n3, _n4;

    explicit RaiseInfo( typelib_TypeDescription * pTypeDescr ) throw ();
    ~RaiseInfo() throw ();
};

RaiseInfo::RaiseInfo( typelib_TypeDescription * pTypeDescr ) throw ()
    : _n0( 0 )
    , _pDtor( new ObjectFunction( pTypeDescr, destruct ) )<--- Struct 'RaiseInfo' does not have a copy constructor which is recommended since it has dynamic memory/resource allocation(s).<--- Struct 'RaiseInfo' does not have a operator= which is recommended since it has dynamic memory/resource allocation(s).
    , _n2( 0 )
    , _n3( 0 )
    , _n4( 0 )
{
    // a must be
    static_assert(sizeof(sal_Int32) == sizeof(ExceptionType *), "### pointer size differs from sal_Int32!");

    typelib_CompoundTypeDescription * pCompTypeDescr;

    // info count
    sal_Int32 nLen = 0;
    for ( pCompTypeDescr = (typelib_CompoundTypeDescription*)pTypeDescr;
          pCompTypeDescr; pCompTypeDescr = pCompTypeDescr->pBaseTypeDescription )
    {
        ++nLen;
    }

    // info count accompanied by type info ptrs: type, base type, base base type, ...
    _types = std::malloc( sizeof(sal_Int32) + (sizeof(ExceptionType *) * nLen) );
    *(sal_Int32 *)_types = nLen;

    ExceptionType ** ppTypes = (ExceptionType **)((sal_Int32 *)_types + 1);

    sal_Int32 nPos = 0;
    for ( pCompTypeDescr = (typelib_CompoundTypeDescription*)pTypeDescr;
          pCompTypeDescr; pCompTypeDescr = pCompTypeDescr->pBaseTypeDescription )
    {
        ppTypes[nPos++] = new ExceptionType( (typelib_TypeDescription *)pCompTypeDescr );
    }
}

RaiseInfo::~RaiseInfo() throw ()
{
    ExceptionType ** ppTypes = (ExceptionType **)((sal_Int32 *)_types + 1);
    for ( sal_Int32 nTypes = *(sal_Int32 *)_types; nTypes--; )
    {
        delete ppTypes[nTypes];
    }
    std::free( _types );

    delete _pDtor;
}

class ExceptionInfos
{
    Mutex           _aMutex;
    t_string2PtrMap _allRaiseInfos;

public:
    static void * getRaiseInfo( typelib_TypeDescription * pTypeDescr ) throw ();

    ExceptionInfos() throw ();
    ~ExceptionInfos() throw ();
};

ExceptionInfos::ExceptionInfos() throw ()
{
}

ExceptionInfos::~ExceptionInfos() throw ()
{
    SAL_INFO("bridges", "> freeing exception infos... <");

    MutexGuard aGuard( _aMutex );
    for ( t_string2PtrMap::const_iterator iPos( _allRaiseInfos.begin() );
          iPos != _allRaiseInfos.end(); ++iPos )
    {
        delete reinterpret_cast<RaiseInfo*>(iPos->second);
    }
}

void * ExceptionInfos::getRaiseInfo( typelib_TypeDescription * pTypeDescr ) throw ()
{
    static ExceptionInfos* s_pInfos = new ExceptionInfos();

    assert( pTypeDescr &&
                (pTypeDescr->eTypeClass == typelib_TypeClass_STRUCT ||
                 pTypeDescr->eTypeClass == typelib_TypeClass_EXCEPTION) );

    void * pRaiseInfo;

    OUString const & rTypeName = OUString::unacquired( &pTypeDescr->pTypeName );
    MutexGuard aGuard( s_pInfos->_aMutex );
    t_string2PtrMap::const_iterator const iFind(
        s_pInfos->_allRaiseInfos.find( rTypeName ) );
    if (iFind == s_pInfos->_allRaiseInfos.end())
    {
        pRaiseInfo = new RaiseInfo( pTypeDescr );
        // put into map
        pair< t_string2PtrMap::iterator, bool > insertion(
            s_pInfos->_allRaiseInfos.insert( t_string2PtrMap::value_type( rTypeName, pRaiseInfo ) ) );
        assert(insertion.second && "### raise info insertion failed?!");
    }
    else
    {
        // reuse existing info
        pRaiseInfo = iFind->second;
    }

    return pRaiseInfo;
}


//#### exported ####################################################################################


type_info * msci_getRTTI( OUString const & rUNOname )
{
    static RTTInfos* s_pRTTIs = new RTTInfos();
    return s_pRTTIs->getRTTI( rUNOname );
}

void msci_raiseException( uno_Any * pUnoExc, uno_Mapping * pUno2Cpp )
{
    // no ctor/dtor in here: this leads to dtors called twice upon RaiseException()!
    // thus this obj file will be compiled without opt, so no inlining of
    // ExceptionInfos::getRaiseInfo()

    // construct cpp exception object
    typelib_TypeDescription * pTypeDescr = 0;
    TYPELIB_DANGER_GET( &pTypeDescr, pUnoExc->pType );

    void * pCppExc = alloca( pTypeDescr->nSize );
    ::uno_copyAndConvertData( pCppExc, pUnoExc->pData, pTypeDescr, pUno2Cpp );

    // a must be
    static_assert(sizeof(sal_Int32) == sizeof(void *),
        "### pointer size differs from sal_Int32!" );
    DWORD arFilterArgs[3];
    arFilterArgs[0] = MSVC_magic_number;
    arFilterArgs[1] = (DWORD)pCppExc;
    arFilterArgs[2] = (DWORD)ExceptionInfos::getRaiseInfo( pTypeDescr );

    // destruct uno exception
    ::uno_any_destruct( pUnoExc, 0 );
    TYPELIB_DANGER_RELEASE( pTypeDescr );

    // last point to release anything not affected by stack unwinding
    RaiseException( MSVC_ExceptionCode, EXCEPTION_NONCONTINUABLE, 3, arFilterArgs );
}

namespace
{
// This function does the same check as __CxxDetectRethrow from msvcrt (see its
// crt/src/vcruntime/mgdframe.cpp). But it does not alter the global state, i.e. it does not
// increment __ProcessingThrow, and so does not break following exception handling. We rely on the
// definition of EHExceptionRecord, PER_IS_MSVC_EH and PER_PTHROW, that are current as of msvcrt
// 2017 (14.14.26428).
bool DetectRethrow(void* ppExcept)
{
    struct EHExceptionRecord
    {
        DWORD ExceptionCode;
        DWORD ExceptionFlags;
        struct _EXCEPTION_RECORD* ExceptionRecord;
        PVOID ExceptionAddress;
        DWORD NumberParameters;
        struct EHParameters
        {
            DWORD magicNumber;
            PVOID pExceptionObject;
            PVOID pThrowInfo;
        } params;
    };

    constexpr auto PER_IS_MSVC_EH = [](EHExceptionRecord* p) {
        constexpr DWORD EH_EXCEPTION_NUMBER = 0xE06D7363;           // The NT Exception # that msvcrt uses ('msc' | 0xE0000000)
        constexpr DWORD EH_MAGIC_NUMBER1 = 0x19930520;              // latest magic # in thrown object
        constexpr DWORD EH_MAGIC_NUMBER2 = 0x19930521;              // latest magic # in func info for exception specs
        constexpr DWORD EH_MAGIC_NUMBER3 = 0x19930522;              // latest magic #
        constexpr DWORD EH_EXCEPTION_PARAMETERS = 3;                // Number of parameters in exception record for x86

        return p->ExceptionCode == EH_EXCEPTION_NUMBER
               && p->NumberParameters == EH_EXCEPTION_PARAMETERS
               && (p->params.magicNumber == EH_MAGIC_NUMBER1
                   || p->params.magicNumber == EH_MAGIC_NUMBER2
                   || p->params.magicNumber == EH_MAGIC_NUMBER3);
    };

    constexpr auto PER_PTHROW = [](EHExceptionRecord* p) {
        return p->params.pThrowInfo;
    };

    EHExceptionRecord* pExcept;
    if (!ppExcept)
        return false;
    pExcept = *static_cast<EHExceptionRecord**>(ppExcept);
    if (PER_IS_MSVC_EH(pExcept) && PER_PTHROW(pExcept) == nullptr)
    {
        return true;
    }
    return false;
}
}

int msci_filterCppException(
    EXCEPTION_POINTERS * pPointers, uno_Any * pUnoExc, uno_Mapping * pCpp2Uno )
{
    if (pPointers == 0)
        return EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH;
    EXCEPTION_RECORD * pRecord = pPointers->ExceptionRecord;
    // handle only C++ exceptions:
    if (pRecord == 0 || pRecord->ExceptionCode != MSVC_ExceptionCode)
        return EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH;

    const bool rethrow = DetectRethrow(&pRecord);
    assert(pRecord == pPointers->ExceptionRecord);

    if (rethrow && pRecord == pPointers->ExceptionRecord)
    {
        pRecord = *reinterpret_cast< EXCEPTION_RECORD ** >(__current_exception());
    }
    // rethrow: handle only C++ exceptions:
    if (pRecord == 0 || pRecord->ExceptionCode != MSVC_ExceptionCode)
        return EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH;

    if (pRecord->NumberParameters == 3 &&
//          pRecord->ExceptionInformation[ 0 ] == MSVC_magic_number &&
        pRecord->ExceptionInformation[ 1 ] != 0 &&
        pRecord->ExceptionInformation[ 2 ] != 0)
    {
        void * types = reinterpret_cast< RaiseInfo * >(
            pRecord->ExceptionInformation[ 2 ] )->_types;
        if (types != 0 && *reinterpret_cast< DWORD * >( types ) > 0) // count
        {
            ExceptionType * pType = *reinterpret_cast< ExceptionType ** >(
                reinterpret_cast< DWORD * >( types ) + 1 );
            if (pType != 0 && pType->_pTypeInfo != 0)
            {
                OUString aRTTIname(
                    OStringToOUString(
                        reinterpret_cast< __type_info * >(
                            pType->_pTypeInfo )->_m_d_name,
                        RTL_TEXTENCODING_ASCII_US ) );
                OUString aUNOname( toUNOname( aRTTIname ) );

                typelib_TypeDescription * pExcTypeDescr = 0;
                typelib_typedescription_getByName(
                    &pExcTypeDescr, aUNOname.pData );
                if (pExcTypeDescr == 0)
                {
                    OUStringBuffer buf;
                    buf.append(
                            "[msci_uno bridge error] UNO type of "
                            "C++ exception unknown: \"" );
                    buf.append( aUNOname );
                    buf.append( "\", RTTI-name=\"" );
                    buf.append( aRTTIname );
                    buf.append( "\"!" );
                    RuntimeException exc( buf.makeStringAndClear() );
                    uno_type_any_constructAndConvert(
                        pUnoExc, &exc,
                        cppu::UnoType<decltype(exc)>::get().getTypeLibType(), pCpp2Uno );
                    // msvcr80.dll cleans up, different from former msvcrs
                    // if (! rethrow):
                    // though this unknown exception leaks now, no user-defined
                    // exception is ever thrown through the binary C-UNO dispatcher
                    // call stack.
                }
                else
                {
                    // construct uno exception any
                    uno_any_constructAndConvert(
                        pUnoExc, (void *) pRecord->ExceptionInformation[1],
                        pExcTypeDescr, pCpp2Uno );
                    typelib_typedescription_release( pExcTypeDescr );
                }

                return EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER;
            }
        }
    }
    // though this unknown exception leaks now, no user-defined exception
    // is ever thrown through the binary C-UNO dispatcher call stack.
    RuntimeException exc( "[msci_uno bridge error] unexpected "
                  "C++ exception occurred!" );
    uno_type_any_constructAndConvert(
        pUnoExc, &exc, cppu::UnoType<decltype(exc)>::get().getTypeLibType(), pCpp2Uno );
    return EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER;
}

}

#pragma pack(pop)

/* vim:set shiftwidth=4 softtabstop=4 expandtab: */